Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness in the world. According to the National Eye Institute, about one in every six older Americans have cataracts. The older you get, the higher your chance is of developing cataracts. Today’s Vision in Cypress, TX, takes a look at the facts about cataracts.
What Is a Cataract?
The lens of your eye is normally clear, which allows light to pass through unobstructed. When proteins start to break down in the lens, it becomes cloudy. This makes it harder for light to get to your retina. This cloudiness is the cataract.
What Causes Cataracts?
Aging is the number one cause of cataracts. Other factors include having diabetes, smoking, drinking excessively, corticosteroid medication, coming from a family where cataracts are common, and spending long periods of time in the sun without proper UV protection for the eyes.
What Are Cataract Symptoms?
Cataract symptoms include cloudy vision, blurred vision, double vision, colors appearing dim, everything taking on a yellow or brown tint, extreme difficulty driving at night, and needing more light to do tasks such as reading or going down stairs. Getting new glasses from an optometrist can help with these symptoms, but the only ultimate cure for cataracts is surgical removal.
Can You Have Cataracts but Not Have Symptoms?
Cataracts can start years before they affect your vision. Often, by the time cataract symptoms start, the condition is well advanced. Getting tested by an eye doctor or optometrist regularly can help you make lifestyle changes to slow down the development of cataracts.
Are Cataracts Inevitable?
Almost all senior citizens develop cataracts. Checking for cataracts is one reason why it’s important for older people to go see an eye doctor for testing at least once a year.
Are Cataracts Preventable?
Cataracts are not 100 percent preventable, but there are many things you can do to prolong the development of cataracts. Keep your blood sugar at even levels, do not smoke, drink alcohol sparingly, wear sunglasses whenever in bright light, limit your use of corticosteroids, and eat a sensible diet with foods rich in antioxidants.
What are Cataract Treatments?
Unfortunately, there are no drugs to get rid of cataracts. The only way to do so is by having cataract surgery. If you have cataracts in both eyes, surgery will only be performed on one eye at a time. The eye that has been operated on needs to be bandaged, so it is essential that only one eye be operated on at a time.
Still Have Questions?
If you still have questions about cataracts that have not been answered here and live in the Cypress, TX, area, contact Today’s Vision at (281) 758-3083 to schedule an appointment today.